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Learning Styles

According to Drago and Wagner (2004), there are different learning styles that work differently for different people. Each individual has a preferred learning style in which they are able to receive as much information as possible.

It is important for one to be aware of their preferred learning style. The different learning styles include aural, kinesthetic, visual, read/write, and multimodal.  People whose preferred learning style is aural learn through listening and speaking. They find their auditory senses very useful as they like to hear the sound of words.

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            These people find it hard to understand readings when there is no sound in the background. This means that listening to something else like music or other people talking while reading is actually good for people who prefer this learning style. They are able to understand better that way.  

According to Kostelnik, Soderman, and Whiren (2004), most of the times these people find themselves moving their lips or are compelled to talk to themselves in order to get a clear understanding of things. They are good at telling stories and solve their problems through talking them out.  Most of the times, their speech patterns involve information that is related to sounds or voices.

                There are various strategies through which these people prefer to acquire information. Putting in mind that they love sounds and voices, the methods used always depict this aspect. Such methods include group discussions, use of tape recorders, tutorials, and attending classes. A workshop done by Wilfrid Laurier University in 2008 recommends students who learn through listening to ensure that they form a study group so that they can be able to meet frequently and discuss the lectures they have been attending, maybe for that week.

There are various ways in which these people foster the acquisition of information. These ways include giving explanations to other people, remembering exciting jokes, stories, or examples, describing visuals or pictures to other people, and leaving spaces in their books during note-taking so that they can fill them later with more information that they come across.

                When studying, these people prefer to use certain ways to be able to understand more. Due to their mode of learning, they tend to be poor at taking notes. Their notes are always shallow and with so many missing points. They always expand their notes by talking to the other people or reading textbooks.  

They find it useful to read notes aloud. This keeps their focus. After getting their notes in shape, they always summarize them and put them onto tapes so that they can be able to listen to the notes. Consultation with other people also works for them. They can ask others about a topic to find out if they have a similar understanding of that topic or explain their notes to other people who also prefer auditory learning style.

To be able to perform well in tests or examinations, these people ensure that their output methods match their intake methods. In instances where they tend to have forgotten about certain issues, they spend some time in quiet places to enhance their memory.

To produce the best output and provide comprehensive answers, they prefer imagining themselves talking to the examiner, speaking the answers loudly or speaking them inside their heads, or listening to their own voices. Being poor in writing, they prefer to practice beforehand. Most of the times they use old questionnaires to acquire writing skills.

The strategies preferred by people who use aural learning are not different at all with the ones that are recommended by the results of the test. The ones provided by the test results add on the ones that are frequently used.

For instance, the results suggest that for their intake process, the aural learners can also discuss topics with their teachers and use tutorials. While studying, the findings also suggest that they minimize their notes. Lastly, during examinations, it is recommended that they can also listen to their voices to be able to remember and write down what they hear.

Being aware of the different learning styles has positive impacts on both the teachers and the students. Education should be learner-centered for a better outcome. According to Csapo and Hayen (2006), teachers must understand the students if education is to be learner-centered. Students acquire and process information differently. It is important for teachers to be aware of these differences so as to be able to serve all the students adequately.

Different learning styles require different teaching methods. Being aware of their difference helps teachers adjust their teaching styles to the preferences of the students and also become accommodative to the different styles used by different students.

Awareness of these differences by students themselves also helps them to be more successful learners. According to Csapo and Hayen (2006), the students who are aware of their type of learning are able to adopt their style early enough and shape their study habits. In such instances, it becomes easy for the teachers to work with the students to achieve great results.