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Performance Management system

Growth and development analysis of a human being

It has been written previously that one is born with their traits. Writers have also indicated that traits are passed from one generation to another. I however believe this to be untrue. There are those traits that one is born with and those that one learns as they grow up.

We cannot take for granted the interactions one has with other human beings and nature. This has a way of changing us. The way we think and believe is highly contributed by the people we interact with and our backgrounds. In this paper we will discuss how I grew up to procrastinate and also a perfectionist. I believe I grew into this.

I push myself and others to do a perfect task and at the same time do the hard tasks the last minute.

 
Procrastination is evading the performance of a job which needs to be achieved. It is doing the more enjoyable tasks first, or doing those tasks that are less urgent as a substitute to more vital ones. This means that one puts off the difficult tasks first. Everyone has been accused of procrastinating at one point or another. However, more than 20 % of the population is said to procrastinate frequently. Procrastination can be defined as their way of life.
 
 
 

Performance management his highly done, in line with the goals and objectives of the organisation while at the same time ensuring that the strengths and weaknesses of employees have been established.  Meeting business goals and objectives is the essential reason for there being any organisation.

For this to be achieved there needs to be periodical measurements of the progress towards achieving these goals and objectives. The goals and objectives of the organisation need to have been communicated to all employees so that the company can soldier on as one team.  After this communication has been done, the achievement of these objectives needs to be measured appraised and relevant actions taken from time to time. The performance management process is part of the entire business since its inception till the day that it closes business.

Procrastination is said to reflect our struggle with self-discipline and control. It also shows our inability to predict our feelings for the next day. To critic this statement and belief I would say that procrastinators are good at making choices and prefer lesser demanding tasks as compared to the difficult tasks. Critics can also be quoted saying that procrastinators claim that they achieve better results when under pressure. More often than not that’s the way procrastinators qualify tasks and then work towards achieving them.

Personally, I have in many occasions preferred to avoid negative emotions so as to delay stressful tasks. So as to achieve more with limited I prefer doing the difficult tasks under pressure. This has enabled me to save time over the years.

Psychologists have cited such abehavior as a way of dealing with anxiety that is associated with finishing a task. Anxiety can get you to start working on a task either early or late (Steel, 2010). The focus should therefore be more of impulsiveness. Anxiety can only cause you to late on a task if it is impulsive.

 

 

 

==> Accounting Issues Raised After Financial Analysis

References

Steel, P. (2010). The procrastination equation: How to stop putting things off and start getting stuff done. Random House Canada.

 

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Apple Inc. Verses Microsoft Inc Financial analysis – 2014 & 2015

  1. Will Apple be able to meet its obligations as they become due? How does Apples liquidity compare with that of Microsoft? 

Liquidity ratios are used to measure a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debt obligations. This is achieved by comparing a company’s most liquid assets (or, those that can be easily converted to cash), and its short-term liabilities.

  CURRENT RATIO   QUICK RATIO
  APPLE MICROSOFT   APPLE MICROSOFT
2014 1.08 2.5   0.67:1 0.6777:1
2015 1.11 2.5   0.725:1 0.53:1

 

A current ratio below 1 suggests that the company is unable to pay off its obligations if they came due at that point. This situation does not necessarily mean that it will go bankrupt. On the other hand, a current ratio (over 3) does not necessarily indicate that a company is in a state of financial well-being either. This depends on how its assets are allocated. A high cash ratio could also indicate that company is not using its current assets efficiently, is not securing financing well or is not managing its working capital well. Using Current ration Apple will be able to meet its short term obligations.



The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations with its most liquid assets. This ratio measures the dollar amount of liquid assets equivalent for each dollar of current liabilities. Thus, a quick ratio of 1.5 means that a company has $1.50 of liquid assets available to cover each $1 of current liabilities. The higher the quick ratio, the better the company’s liquidity position. As per this ratio both companies do not show strength however as discussed under current ratio this should not raise an alarm. Apples liquidity seems to be becoming stronger as compared to Microsoft which is diminishing.

==> Top 5 of The Best Accounting and Finance Textbooks 

  1. What is the capital structure of Apple (i.e., what percentage of the total assets of the company are financed through liabilities and what percentage through stockholders’ equity)?

A capital structure is a mix of a company’s long-term debt, specific short-term debt, common equity and preferred equity. The capital structure is how a firm finances its overall operations and growth by using different sources of funds.
As at 2015 41% of Apples assets were financed by shareholders equity while 59% was funded through liabilities.

  1. 3. Is the capital structure of Microsoft significantly different from that of Apple?  Explain your answer.

As per the above, Applesuse of shareholders equity to total assets has been on a downward trend. That of Microsoft has also been on the same path but not drastic as that of Apple. To drive deeper into this lets see how their debt to income ratios look like.



DTI is a measure that compares an individual’s/business debt payment to its overall income. A low debt-to-income ratio demonstrates a good balance between debt and income. Conversely, a high DTI can signal that an individual/business has too much debt for the amount of income he or she has.

DEBT-INCOME RATIO
  APPLE MICROSOFT
2014 1.08 0.92
2015 1.43 1.2

DTI ratio also paints the same picture as shown by the above percentages. Both companies seem to have borrowed a lot as they move to 2015. This has led to decrease in shareholders equity in both. Both companies have a similar capital structur

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Outsourcing and Migrating from GAAP to IFRS

Outsourcing

Outsourcing is the practice of using other companies to reduce your costs and transfer portions or the whole job to another supplier rather than doing it yourself. When used properly, outsourcing can be a good cost-cutting strategy. It is sometimes cheaper and more affordable to purchase a product from a company than having to produce it yourself. This is because the company producing it has acquired the important economies of scale in production.

Outsourcing comes with both pros and cons. The major disadvantage of outsourcing especially when outsourcing payroll is data confidentiality. A small leak by an employee of the outsourcing company could lead to court battles, negative reputation to your business. Some key corporate secret, salary, will be shared with a third party. This if not well handled could result in a disaster.

Outsourcing payroll could be cheaper to handle it internally. Most corporates which offer these services could be expensive since they use very complicated software that is expensive to acquire. Another complication of outsourcing payroll is that you could be using the same company with your competitors. This would lead to a conflict of interest. You could have a competitor requiring the information of your staffs and get it because the company does not want to lose business to the competitor. Dealing with employee complaints on salary-related issues would also be a concern. A staff that has been under or over paid will have to go through their supervisor who then lodges a complaint with the personnel department, then to the outsourced company. This would take time, which is not good especially considering that we are dealing with salaries, which is a very emotional issue. Staff currently handling the payroll function might have to be let go. This portrays an image of a possibly a struggling company.

 

To fully outsource a several payroll issues need to be addressed. If not well dealt with the whole process could be flawed with complaints and other issues. One of the issues to be dealt with is the choice of company. Competitive bidding needs to be done. The best company not only in pricing but also in controls and efficiency is to be chosen for the job.

Data confidentiality needs to be well addressed. The company given the contracts needs to demonstrate without reasonable doubt that its able to keep the company`s information securely. Performance agreements need to be signed in consultation with the legal team. Information should not be stored in transferable discs, e.g. Flash disk, CDs, etc. Consequences of a proven leak need to be agreed on at the beginning.

The process flows of how the transfer will need to be laid out. A direct injection plan or a piloting plan needs to be agreed on. This will ensure an easy transition from the previous system to the new system.

 Migrating from GAAP to IFRS

            IFRS is a principle based system while GAAP is a rule-based system. A principle-based system is favorable to businesses as it is flexible when compared with a rule-based system that is rigid. IFRS also offers more disclosures due to its flexibility. More disclosures are important to readers of financial analysis reports. Getting International Standards approval requires you to implement IFRS. ISO certification is crucial for businesses as it increases their credibility.



IFRS recognizes loss immediately unlike what happens with GAAP. Loss being reported immediately is advantageous to not the investors but also lenders and other stakeholders like suppliers. The sooner they can get this information the better.  This reveals the transparency that is in IFRS and not in GAAP. Contracting between companies and their management becomes easy, this also ensures effective corporate governance.

The convergence of IFRS has also made it easy to compare financial statements in many parts of the world. In the EU for example many companies adopted IFRS the same year it was introduced. With this kind of adoption businesses need to all now ensure they are on IFRS. The key reason for the preparation of key financial reports is for comparison purposes. It doesn’t make any sense to prepare statements that only you can compare with yourself.

Do you know that debt has some advantages?

==> Learn more HERE on advantages of debt

Users of IFRS need to understand the methodology used to generate reports. Under GAAP emphasis is on literature provided. Documentation is the key issue. IFRS is more flexible and even where documentation does not tally facts pattern are analyzed, and a decision is made. To implement IFRS is short and precise. It takes a minimum of one year to be fully setup. To use IFRS we would use direct key as the implementation plan.

 

References

Du, N., Alford, R. M., & Smith, P. L. (2016). Do GAAP And IFRS Differ In Collectiblity Judgments Related To Revenue Recognition?. Journal of Applied Business Research (JABR), 32(6), 1675-1686.

Giloz-Ran, E., Gavious, I., & Lev, B. (2014). The Positive Externalities of IFRS: Enhanced R&D Disclosure.

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Community Teaching Plan

Note: This is an individual assignment. In 1,500-2,000 words, describe the teaching experience and discuss your observations. The written portion of this assignment should include:
1.Summary of teaching plan
2.Epidemiological rationale for topic
3.Evaluation of teaching experience
4.Community response to teaching
5.Areas of strengths and areas of improvement

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. 

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
APA FORMART AND INTEXT CITATION

 

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Name

Institution

Course

Topic: Community Teaching Plan

A disaster is portrayed as an occasion that causes extraordinary harm and death toll. A disaster can be a quake, surge, fire, blast, sea tempest, or any occasion that is calamitous to framework and claims lives. Disasters influence the lives of a huge number of individuals consistently. Being readied for a disaster can diminish dread and tension. Being readied can likewise diminish the measure of misfortunes that can happen. People and families need to recognize what to do in the case of a disaster like a tropical storm (“FEMA,” “n.d”). Groups that comprise of army installations face diverse dangers identified with disasters. They are at expanded danger for atomic mishaps and demonstrations of terrorism. Thus, disaster readiness for the groups of Hampton Roads Virginia would be important for the group social insurance medical caretaker to give.

Epidemiological Rational for Topic

The zone of Hampton Road is situated on the eastern bank of Virginia. Being a coastal area, Hampton Roads is defenseless against solid tempests and tropical storms. Hampton Roads is one of the top zones in the nation at danger for tempest surges coming about because of a class 5 storm. A Category 5 sea tempest could bring about $39 billion worth of harm to homes and encompassing zones in Hampton Roads (“Hurricanes and Storms,” “n.d”). Families would be managing damage, demise and loss of property. Hampton Roads has enormous maritime, Air Force, Army, Marine Corps and Coast Guard army bases. This military vicinity puts the general population of Hampton Roads at expanded danger for man-made calamitous disasters.

Planning Before Teaching

The community wellbeing nurse would initially need to evaluate the location. Realize what regions are at the most astounding danger for sea tempests and what ranges are nearest to the numerous army installations. The nurse would need to get comfortable with the territory’s present clearing arrangement and safe-zone zones. The nurse would need to find out about the notice alarms that may utilized as a part of the zone and the crisis numbers or radio stations that give upgraded data. The nurse would need to get ready data by utilizing power focuses and leaflets as a part of distinctive dialects and, if relevant, age particular. Data in regards to when to empty, where to go and what things to have prepared in a first aid kit would be incorporated into the force focuses and leaflets (“Virginia Gov,” 2013). The nurse would need to investigate subsidizing and conceivable gifts that may offer individuals from the community some assistance with putting together their first aid pack. Including zone organizations in the arranging and conceivable gift of supplies could be advantageous. The nurse ought to include neighborhood police, flame and clinics in the arranging. Surveying for an area for the educating to be given would need to be finished. The region for the educating would need to be substantial and effectively available to individuals from the community. The nurse would need dialect mediators accessible amid the instructing to guarantee that the data is comprehended by all. The date and time for the instructing would need to be set too. Setting the date and time for greatest participation is critical keeping in mind the end goal to include most or all community individuals. The nurse would need to strengthen to the community that being readied can spare lives.

Nursing Diagnosis

* Risk for emotional imbalance identified with uneasiness of normal or man-made disaster

* Ineffective community adapting

* Readiness for upgraded community adapting.

Readiness for Learning

Confirmation of learning status, concerning disaster, is clear in a community when the individuals search out information and set themselves up for any conceivable circumstance. There are different stages to experience before receiving or keeping up the obligation and information that run with being readied for a disaster of any sort. The pre-pensive stage could be depicted by saying the community is ignorant that a potential danger exists. The pensive stage is the place the community individuals may pondering what steps should be taken keeping in mind the end goal to be arranged. Amid the activity organize, the community effectively plans for and is prepared for a disaster. In the support organize, the community proceeds with the scholarly conduct so they are constantly arranged (“Euromed Info.,” “n.d.”).

The community hints at gathering so as to be readied a unit of crucial needs, making a family arrangement, staying educated and helping other community individuals. Community individuals can clarify and show others about arranging. Their conduct is consistent by communicating the information they have learned. Community individuals, why should prepared learn and help, are additionally ready to recognize new sources and approaches to upgrade information in disaster making arrangements for their community. It is imperative to know precisely what to do preceding, amid, and after a crisis or disaster. Being appropriately arranged can have all the effect when seconds tally.

Learning Theory and Goals

General wellbeing nurses work to distinguish wellbeing or security issues, and in addition hazard elements, in a home, workplace and community by working with community pioneers, doctors, folks and instructors. They execute and oversee mediation projects to address and revise issues, and also anticipate future issues and hazard components (“Public Health and Community Nursing,” 2013). Keeping in mind the end goal to help a community overall, the nurse must survey the community’s needs and decide their learning styles to give powerful instructing.

 

Hampton Roads, situated in Virginia, has an extremely fascinating land design. The range is split into two districts, referred to local people as the Peninsula and the Southside. The Peninsula constitutes the eastern piece of the city and is isolated from the Southside by a harbor. Truth be told, the Hampton Roads Harbor is one of the biggest on the planet otherwise called Chesapeake Bay (“Hampton Roads Geography,” 2003-2011). This is a high-hazard zone for characteristic disasters, for example, storms, surges, quakes, and artificial terroristic assaults.

 

Hampton Roads is a various populace contained regular citizen and military individuals from generally Caucasian and Black ethnicity. The community nurse will utilize Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning. As per Mayer, this hypothesis depends on three primary suppositions: in the first place, he trusts that there are two channels, sound-related and visual for handling data; second, that there is constrained channel limit and third, that learning is a dynamic procedure of sifting, selecting, arranging, and coordinating data (Mayer, 2007-2013). The community nurse and other multidisciplinary groups will give beautiful handouts representations of fundamental needs amid a characteristic disaster or synthetic occasion. There will be bulletins posted all through the community with the location of spot, particular dates and times of sorted out educating. The community nurse will assemble power focuses with particular data, for example, first aid kits, transportation accessible amid turbulent circumstances, and exit arranges and courses. The community nurse will likewise show what dangers the community faces when they choose to stay behind to “ride it out” the same number of community individuals would say. The community individuals will be given the chance to make inquiries and connect with pioneers to guarantee the material was secured in a way that was retainable. The objectives are to have community individuals instructed, prepared and arranged for a potential regular disaster and/or terroristic assault in the Hampton Roads zone.

 

Solid individuals 2020 (HP2020) have a continuum of objectives to be accomplished by 2020 and past years to come. In this lesson, the community nurse will utilize “readiness” for a community objective. Arranging ahead can keep you and your family safe if there’s a crisis, similar to a characteristic or man-made disaster. Samples of crises include: common disasters like surges, tornadoes, seismic tremors, influenza pandemics (influenza episodes that spread the world over), power outages (where vast territories lose power) and terrorist assaults. Crises can happen whenever. It’s vital to ensure you and your family is prepared. This is what you can do: get a crisis supply unit, make a family crisis arrange, and realize what to do in these diverse sorts of crises (“Preparedness,” 2013).

 

Keeping up a sound situation is key to expanding personal satisfaction and years of solid life. Comprehensively, about 25 percent of all passings and the aggregate malady weight can be ascribed to natural variables. Natural elements are assorted and extensive. They include: introduction to perilous substances noticeable all around, water, soil and nourishment, regular and mechanical disasters, physical dangers and healthful inadequacies. Poor ecological quality has its most noteworthy effect on individuals whose wellbeing status is as of now at danger. Along these lines, ecological wellbeing must address the societal and ecological components that improve the probability of presentation and infection identified with a characteristic or man-made disaster (“Environmental Health,” 2013).

Creativity

Today’s populace, from the exceptionally youthful to the elderly, needs to figure out how to utilize a PC and have mobile phones with web and messaging abilities. Subsequently, the community nurse gave sites and phone numbers to community individuals to enlist and get upgraded data on issues relating to their range. The nurse likewise gave power focuses, brilliant flyers, and refreshments and snacks for all going to. Different speakers shared extraordinary stories to catch the gathering of people’s consideration. Towards the end, the community individuals were allocated time for inquiries.

Evaluation of Objectives, Goals, and Teacher

The Hampton Roads zone is situated on the eastern shoreline of Virginia. This makes Hampton Roads distinguishable to common or man-made disasters. The community nurse can educate the community on the best way to get ready for a disaster. Circulating disaster units that incorporate an emergency treatment pack, spotlights, batteries, water, and canned nourishment with a can opener, covers and rain rigging will set up the community for a tropical storm. Advising the community of Hampton Roads that most sea tempests happen in the middle of August and October will assign a time period for the natives to be arranged. Having the community wellbeing nurse confirm that the surge territory maps are posted all through the community will guarantee that natives know where to discover haven when flooding happens. The Hampton Roads range is populated with an army installation and military work force. This makes Hampton Roads at danger for atomic weapon mischances. Give instruction to the community, that when an atomic weapon mishap happens, a siren will be sounded for departure. Urge nationals to bring their disaster unit with them and give natives materials to add to a departure arrangement. The community nurse will clarify that the clearing arrangement ought to incorporate course and last destination. Giving training, for those that choose to stay in their homes, will incorporate don’t turn on aeration and cooling systems, heat pumps, or fans. Close all windows, entryways and vents. As the educator, the community wellbeing nurse will guarantee all nationals comprehend disaster readiness and will be arranged amid storms and man-made disasters. The objective being for all subjects to be arranged by have a disaster unit prepared for when tropical storm season happens and if an atomic weapon mishap happens.

Barriers and Strategies to Overcome Barriers

There are a few barriers that the community wellbeing nurse will need to overcome so as to guarantee that the community is given the data expected to disaster readiness. Some of those barriers incorporate physical impedance, non-English talking residents, hard of hearing subjects, rationally disabled and nationals that are monetarily hindered. With help, these barriers can be succeed. For the physical debilitated nationals, the community nurse can go to their home and give showing and guarantee that all sanctuary structures are impediment available. While giving training or at safe houses an interpreter for non-English talking residents is accessible. Hard of hearing residents will be given gesture based communication at all times. Those that are rationally disabled will be guaranteed that if a disaster happens they will get help. Those that are fiscally impeded will be given the instruction and devices required for when a disaster ought to hit. With every one of these techniques to overcome barriers, the residents of Hampton Roads will have the capacity to get by amid a sea tempest or atomic weapon mishap.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

  • Are You ready? Why Prepare. (“n.d”). Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1549-20490-4325/why_prepare.pdf
  • Environmental Health. (2013). Retrieved from
  • http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=12
  • Euromed Info.(“n.d”). Patient Education: Learning Readiness. Retrieved from:
  • http://www.euromedinfo.eu/patient-education-learning-readiness.html/
  • Hampton Roads Geography. (2003-2011). Retrieved from
  • http://www.greaterhamptonroads.com/geography.html
  • Hampton VA. (2013). Emergency Management. Retrieved from
  • http://va-hampton.civicplus.com/index.aspx?NID=242
  • Hurricanes and Storms. (“n.d”). Retrieved from http://hamptonroads.com/storms
  • Mayer, R. (2007-2013). Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer). Retrieved from
  • http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitive-theory-of-multimedia-learning-mayer.html
  • Prepare for an Emergency. (2013). Retrieved from
  • http://www.healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Category/everyday-healthy-
  • living/safety/prepare-for- an-emergency
  • Prepare Now for Emergencies. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/LHD/PrinceWilliam/epr/preparenow.htm
  • Public Health and Community Nursing. (2013). Retrieved from http://nursing-
  • org/theories-and-models/public-health-community-nursing.php
  • Virginia Department of Emergency Management. (2012). Radiological and Nuclear. Retrieved
  • from http://www.vaemergency.gov/content/radiological-nuclear.

 

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MOVIE COMPARISON AND REVIEW

Your paper should be at least 750 words long. You should use Calibri 11 or Times New Roman 12 font, double-spaced, with regular, non-adjusted margins. Do not include your student ID number on your paper.
You must include a word count (“858 words”) and a “cinematic terms used” page – which do not count towards the 750-word requirement – at the end of your paper. The “terms used” page should define the cinematic terms you worked with in your paper in your own words.
Only .doc, .docx, or .pdf file formats will be accepted. FILES SUBMITTED IN .odt or .pages FORMATS WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED FOR CREDIT.

Assignment Guidelines:

Step 1: Choose a theme, such as gender issues, generational conflict, identity, freedom, war, heroism, love vs duty, etc.

Step 2: Compare and contrast how the theme is interpreted, critiqued, and/or re-envisioned in two films. One of the films must be a film we have watched in the course; the second film may be a film of your choice (either from the course or an outside film), but should be a film that is widely-available and well-known to US audiences.

Restrictions: You may NOT write about Twilight of a Woman’s Soul or Strike. You may choose any of the required course films besides those two.

If you are unsure of your choice of films or your chosen topic, you may feel free to email Prof. Jens to get feedback or meet to discuss ideas before you begin your paper.

In your paper, you should focus on how the films use cinematic and narrative techniques to emphasize themes, develop characters and their relationships, or critique the society in which the films were created. Overall, your goal is to develop an argument about how the films construct the theme via the cinematic elements and why the films interpret the theme as they do (i.e., do they have the same or different messages about the given theme?).

Grading:

This paper will be graded using the same rubric as the Scene Analysis and Cultural Analysis Papers. Focus on having a strong thesis statement, a well-organized paper with clear topic sentences for each paragraph, and a conclusion that sums up your paper. Review the feedback on your first two papers and spell/grammar-check your paper before you submit it. Given this paper is the last assignment for the course, there will be no opportunity to revise, so be sure to turn in a quality draft.

Suggests for writing a comparative paper:

1) Although your theme is the general topic of the paper, you will need to develop an angle of comparison/contrast to justify linking the two films together. The best way to unite the two films is through themes and then explore how the films use cinematic elements differently / similarly to create or explore the theme. For example, one could examine such cinematic techniques as editing – comparing how the films’ cuts draw parallels between particular characters – or lighting and color – comparing how the films light their heroes or villains and any color symbolism in the film – or in terms of setting – examining how the films use public and private space. These are examples, you may use any of the cinematic elements we have discussed in the course in your analysis of the films and the theme.

2) Effective comparison/contrast essays highlight how similarities and differences reveal something important about each film, the theme, the society, and/or the director. As you develop your essay, consider how each film “unlocks” the other. Ask yourself why it is important to examine these films together. 

3) Rather than offering a list of your observations regarding the films’ similarities and differences, your essay should pose an argument about the significance of the connection. Do not focus on the “what”, but instead develop the “how” and “why”. Your thesis should not simply state that “films X and Y treat theme/character Z similarly and differently.” Think instead how the various cinematic elements shed light on the theme and what the films are trying to say about the theme.

4) While you can organize your comparison/contrast essay in several ways, you should avoid discussing one film in full, then turning to the other. This format often fails to produce an effective comparison. Instead, you may wish to structure the first part of the body around similarities between the films, moving from one film to the other, and the second part around differences between the films, discussing each film in turn. You can also focus each paragraph on one similarity or difference, discussing examples from both films.

Do not talk about one film for 400-500 words, then given very little space to the second film; this format often leads to an inadequate comparison / contrast. You do not need to constantly go back and forth between the two films though (as in “Film A does this, while film B does that. Then film A does this, while film B does that”). One suggestion is to use good topic statements to connect / contrast the theme or cinematic elements in the two films (rather than plot points), then talk about the two films in greater depth separately within the paragraph. For example:

Paragraph Topic Statement: “In both films, the use of costume indicates the character’s acceptance of the revolution.” 
Body of the Paragraph: 2-3 sentences on use of costume in film A 2-3 sentences on use of costume in film B
Paragraph Concluding Statement / Transition to the next paragraph
A reminder, though, that the cinematic elements do not need to be the main point of comparison/contrast; feel free to use themes as well. The vocabulary of the cinematic elements is there to help you analyze the comparison/contrast.

5) Although the comparison/contrast essay examines a large-scale question, close scene analysis could serve as your main source of evidence. In supporting your argument, you will need to pay attention to how the films interpret the theme through narrative and/or cinematic techniques. Focus on specific shots or scenes and the cinematic elements at work in those shots or scenes rather than trying to discuss every scene in the movies. You may assume some familiarity on the part of your reader with the films you choose; that means you do not need to re-tell the plot, but should give enough details to situate the reader and allow yourself to focus on how the shots or scenes are constructed. You may wish to give time marks for the scenes you discuss.

6) You may incorporate screen shots in your paper, but you are not required to. If you choose to incorporate screen shots, you must discuss the image within the body of your essay rather than using screen shots as decorations or filler; basically, the shots should be relevant to your argument. Identify and discuss the visual details that illustrate your comparison of the films. When using screen shots, caption each image (for example, “Figure 1: The chandelier crashing onto the two Maries”) and reference the figure number in your text (for example, “(see Figure 1)”). 

7) Remember that you are writing to an audience that has already viewed the films. Therefore, your essay should not offer plot summaries, especially of the course films. Instead, any reference to the films—dialogue quotations, scene descriptions, and explanations of plot movement—should support your analysis. You may – but are not required to – include time marks as reference points for any scenes you cite in the essay. You do not need to provide bibliographical citations for the films.

8) When writing about film, use the present tense (for example, “the camera tracks through the train station” or “Otilia and Gabita sit in silence while the wedding goes on in the background”

 

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